Peterson is a historian and political analyst specializing in the Arabian Peninsula and Gulf.
He received his Ph.D.
from the Johns Hopkins University SAIS and has worked at the Library of Congress and taught at Bowdoin College, the College
of William and Mary, the University of Pennsylvania, and Portland State University, all in the United States.
He has been a Fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute (Philadelphia) and the Middle
East Institute (Washington, D.C.), and an Adjunct Fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (Washington,
1999, he served as the Historian of the Sultan's Armed Forces in the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister for Security and
Defence in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman, and he spent 2000-2001 at the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London.
He is affiliated
with the Center for Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Arizona, and he has been the 2004 Sir William Luce Fellow
at the University of Durham (UK) and 2014 Visiting Kuwait Professor at the Paris School of International Affairs of SciencesPo
He serves on the editorial boards of the Middle East Journal and the Journal of Arabian Studies, and
formerly on the boards of the Journal of Oman Studies, and Liwa - the Journal of the UAE National Archives.